Names of the countries of North America in local languages

The geographical region of North America extends from Canada to Panama, and also includes Greenland and the islands in the Caribbean. However some definitions of North America consist of Canada, the USA and most of Mexico up to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, while the region to the south is known as Central America, and the Caribbean is a separate region. Geographically Greenland is part of North America, but politically it's a self-governing part of Denmark.

For more information and maps, see:

The names are shown in their short and full forms in official and other local languages. Translations of the full names not in English are shown in [brackets].

North America

English name Local name
Canada Canada
ᑲᓇᑕ (Kanata) - Inuktitut
Greenland Grønland
Kalaallit Nunaat
[Self-Governing Territory of Greenland]
Mexico México
Estados Unidos Mexicanos
[United Mexican States]
ᎠᎺᎢ (amei)
United States of America
Wááshindoon Bikéyah Ałhidadiidzooígíí (Navajo)
(uyvtlvi-amliga doyiditlv gaduhv) - Cherokee
ᑭᐦᒋ ᒨᐦᑯᒫᓇᐢᑭᕀ (kihci-môhkomânaskiy) - Cree
'Amelika-hui-pu-'ia (Hawai'ian)
Estados Unidos de América (Spanish)
États-Unis d'Amérique (French)
פֿאַראײניקטע שטאַטן פֿון אַמעריקע
(Far'eynikte Štatn fun Amerike) - Yiddish

Central America

English name Local name
Belize Belize
Costa Rica Costa Rica
República de Costa Rica
[Republic of Costa Rica]
El Salvador El Salvador
República de El Salvador
[Republic of El Salvador]
Guatemala Guatemala
República de Guatemala
[Republic of Guatemala]
Honduras Honduras
República de Honduras
[Republic of Honduras]
Nicaragua Nicaragua
República de Nicaragua
[Republic of Nicaragua]
Panama Panamá
República de Panamá
[Republic of Panama]


English name Local name
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda
The Bahamas The Bahamas
Commonwealth of The Bahamas
Barbados Barbados
Dominica Dominica
Commonwealth of Dominica
Dominican Republic República Dominicana
[Dominican Republic]
Cuba Cuba
República de Cuba
[Republic of Cuba]
Grenada Grenada
State of Grenada
Haiti Haïti
République d'Haïti
Repiblik dAyiti
[Republic of Haiti]
Jamaica Jamaica
Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis
Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago
Republic of Trinidad and Tobago


Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, Oceania, South America

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