Tao is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken on Orchid Island, a part of Taiwan, by about 3,800 people (in 2006). It belongs to the Batanic (Bashiic/Ivatanic) branch of Malayo-Polynesian languages. The Batanic languages are classified as Northern Philippine languages by some linguists, but others believe they are a separate branch of the Malayo-Polynesian language family. Tao is also known as Yami, Botel Tobago, Lanyu or Tawu.
Orchid Island is called Pongso no Tao ("Island of Tao") in Tao, and 蘭嶼 in Chinese, which is pronounced Lán Yǔ in Mandarin and Lân-sū in Taiwanese.
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