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Sahaptin (Ichishkíin Sɨ́nwit)

Sahaptin is a member of Plateau Penutian language family spoken in southern Washington, northern Oregon and southwestern Idaho in the USA. In some sources Sahaptin is classified as one language, in others it is a collection of mutually intelligible dialects.

According to Ethnologue, the Sahaptin languages are:

According to Wikipedia, Teino and Umatilla are classified as in the southern Sahaptin group of dialects, and Walla Walla and Yakama belong to the northern Sahaptin dialect cluster. Other dialects in the Northern group include Klickitat, Tainapam, Kittitas, Wanapum and Palouse. Other dialects in the southern group include Skin-pah, Tygh, Celilo and John Day.

These languages / dialects are spoken mainly by older adults. Efforts are being made to revive and revitalise them with classes in schools, and at the University of Oregon. There are also radio programs in Yakama.

The name Sahaptin comes from the Columbia Salish name Sħáptənəxw / S-háptinoxw ("stranger in the land"). The native name for the language is Ichishkíin Sɨ́nwit ("this language").

Sahaptin (Umatilla) alphabet and pronunciation

Sahaptin (Umatilla) alphabet and pronunciation

Download an alphabet chart for Sahaptin (Excel)

Sample text in Yakama

Kuatlak, Mali, im’naua kekom shir, eminik i-uamsh Roemichnik Miauar, im’naua imksa shir tlarpa aietpa, shir mesh ua eminik lsht Sesu. Saint Mali, Roemichnik Miauarnmi Pcha, tanamutemk neemiei chiluitmamiei tinmamiei, ichi ikook, aateshku namak atnata. Ikush iua neemi temna.

Translation

Hail Mary, full of grace. The Lord is with thee. Blessed are thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God. Pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.

Source: http://www.language-museum.com/encyclopedia/y/yakima.php

Sample videos in and about Sahaptin

Links

Information about the Sahaptin-Modoc language and people
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sahaptin_language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umatilla_language
https://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/sahaptin
http://www.native-languages.org/umatilla.htm
http://www.native-languages.org/walla.htm
http://www.native-languages.org/yakama.htm
http://depts.washington.edu/sahaptin/Sahdic.htm

Plateau Penutian languages

Klamath, Nez Perce, Sahaptin

Other languages written with the Latin alphabet


If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free.

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