Lushootseed (dxʷləšúcid)

Lushootseed is a member of the Salishan family of languages spoken in southern British Colombia in Canada, and in northern Washington State in the USA. The last native speaker of Lushootseed, Vi Hilbert, died in 2008.

The language has been well documented by linguists who worked with Vi Hilbert. Efforts are now underway revive it. There are classes in Lushootseed for adults and children in a number of schools and colleges, as well as an immersion program at the University of Washington, Tacoma.

Lushootseed is also known as Puget Salish, Puget Sound Salish or Skagit-Nisqually. There are a number of different dialects, which are divided into two groups: Northern Lushootseed and Southern Lushootseed.

Lushootseed alphabet and pronunciation

The Lushootseed alphabet was developed by Vi Hilbert and other Lushootseed language specialists, and is used in the Lushootseed Dictionary.

Lushootseed alphabet and pronunciation

Download an alphabet chart for Lushootseed

Hear the pronunciation of Lushootseed

Sample texts in Lushootseed

ti šišəgʷł gʷəl al tiʔəʔəxʷ sgʷaʔčᵉł səxʷəsłałlilčəł siʔał dəgʷi gʷəl liiiiləxʷ dʔiišəd cəłul’ul’ cəł ʔəslax̌ədxʷ ti gʷaalapu


SEATTLE Chief of the Suqampsh and Allied Tribes, Died June 7, 1866. The Firm Friend of the Whites, and for Him the City of Seattle was Named by Its Founders.

This text appears on a bust of Chief Seattle in Pioneer Square in Seattle.

Sources: &

siʔsiʔab bəkʼʷaʔkʷbixʷ ʔugʷəc. ʔəsdᶻəw'il əlgʷəʔ . ʔəstalx̌ əlgʷəʔ ʔəst'ugʷud, ʔəsx̌əčbid ƛʼubexʷ əlgʷəʔ shuyils ʔalʔalš.

Translated by the Magistri Lushootseed Tutor


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample videos in and about Lushootseed

Information about Lushootseed | Numbers


Information about Lushootseed

Salishan languages

Coeur d'Alene, Comox, Halkomelem, Klallam, Lushootseed, Lillooet, Nooksack, Nuxalk, Okanagan, Saanich, Salish, she shashishalhem, Shuswap, Squamish, Nlaka’pamux (Thompson)

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 10.06.23


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