Manchu numbers

How to count in Manchu (ᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ ᡤᡳᠰᡠᠨ), a Southern Tungusic language spoken in northeast China.

If any of the numbers are links, you can hear a recording by clicking on them. If you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Numeral Cardinal Ordinal
0 ᡠᠨᡨᠣ (untu) [untu]
1 ᡝᠮᡠ (emu) [ə.mu] ᡠᠵᡠᡳ (ujui) [u.tʃui]
ᡠᠵᡠᠴᡳ (ujuci)
ᡝᠮᡠᠴᡳ (emuci)
2 ᠵᡠᠸᡝ (juwe) [tʃwə] ᠵᠠᡳ (jai) [tʃai]
3 ᡳᠯᠠᠨ (ilan) [i.lan] ᡳᠯᠠᠴᡳ (ilaci) [i.la.tɕʰi]
4 ᡩᡠᡳᠨ (duin) [tuin] ᠰᡠᠨᠵᠠᠴᡳ (duici) [tui.tɕʰi]
5 ᠰᡠᠨᠵᠠ (sunja) [sun.tʃa] ᡩᡠᡳᠴᡳ (sunjaci) [sun.tʃa.tɕʰi]
6 ᠰᡠᠨᠵᠠ (ninggun) [niŋ.ŋun] ᠨᡳᠩᡤᡠᠴᡳ (ningguci) [niŋ.ŋu.tɕʰi]
7 ᠨᠠᡩᠠᠨ (nadan) [na.tan] ᠨᠠᡩᠠᠴᡳ (nadaci) [na.ta.tɕʰi]
8 ᠵᠠᡴᡡᠨ (jakūn) [tʃa.qʰʊn] ᠵᠠᡴᡡᠴᡳ (jakūci) [tʃa.qʰʊ.tɕʰi]
9 ᡠᠶᡠᠨ (uyun) [u.jun] ᡠᠶᡠᠴᡳ (uyuci) [u.ju.tɕʰi]
10 ᠵᡠᠸᠠᠨ (juwan) [tʃwan] ᠵᡠᠸᠠᠨᠴᡳ (juwanci) [tʃwan.tɕʰi]
11 ᠵᡠᠸᠠᠨ ᡝᠮᡠ (juwan emu) ᠵᡠᠸᠠᠨ ᡝᠮᡠᠴᡳ (juwan emuci)
12 ᠵᡠᠸᠠᠨ ᠵᡠᠸᡝ (juwan juwe) ᠵᡠᠸᠠᠨ ᠵᡠᠸᡝᠴᡳ (juwan juweci)
13 ᠵᡠᠸᠠᠨ ᡳᠯᠠᠨ (juwan ilan) ᠵᡠᠸᠠᠨ ᡳᠯᠠᠴᡳ (juwan ilaci)
14 ᠵᡠᠸᠠᠨ ᡩᡠᡳᠨ (juwan duin) ᠵᡠᠸᠠᠨ ᡩᡠᡳᠴᡳ (juwan duici)
15 ᡨᠣᡶᠣᡥᠣᠨ (tofohon) [tʰɔ.fɔ.χɔn] ᡨᠣᡶᠣᡥᠣᠴᡳ (tofohoci)
16 ᠵᡠᠸᠠᠨ ᠨᡳᠩᡤᡠᠨ (juwan ninggun) ᠵᡠᠸᠠᠨ ᠨᡳᠩᡤᡠᠴᡳ (juwan ningguci)
17 ᠵᡠᠸᠠᠨ ᠨᠠᡩᠠᠨ (juwan nadan) ᠵᡠᠸᠠᠨ ᠨᠠᡩᠠᠴᡳ (juwan nadaci)
18 ᠵᡠᠸᠠᠨ ᠵᠠᡴᡡᠨ (juwan jakūn) ᠵᡠᠸᠠᠨ ᠵᠠᡴᡡᠴᡳ (juwan jakūci)
19 ᠵᡠᠸᠠᠨ ᡠᠶᡠᠨ (juwan uyun) ᠵᡠᠸᠠᠨ ᡠᠶᡠᠴᡳ (juwan uyuci)
20 ᠣᡵᡳᠨ (orin) [ɔ.rin] ᠣᡵᡳᠴᡳ (orici) [ɔ.ri.tɕʰi]
21 ᠣᡵᡳᠨ ᡝᠮᡠ (orin emu) ᠣᡵᡳᠨ ᡝᠮᡠᠴᡳ (orin emuci)
22 ᠣᡵᡳᠨ ᠵᡠᠸᡝ (orin juwe) ᠣᡵᡳᠨ ᠵᡠᠸᡝᠴᡳ (orin juweci)
23 ᠣᡵᡳᠨ ᡳᠯᠠᠨ (orin ilan) ᠣᡵᡳᠨ ᡳᠯᠠᠴᡳ (orin ilaci)
24 ᠣᡵᡳᠨ ᡩᡠᡳᠨ (orin duin) ᠣᡵᡳᠨ ᡩᡠᡳᠴᡳ (orin duici)
25 ᠣᡵᡳᠨ ᠰᡠᠨᠵᠠ (orin sunja) ᠣᡵᡳᠨ ᠰᡠᠨᠵᠠᠴᡳ (orin sunjaci)
26 ᠣᡵᡳᠨ ᠨᡳᠩᡤᡠᠨ (orin ninggun) ᠣᡵᡳᠨ ᠨᡳᠩᡤᡠᠴᡳ (orin ningguci)
27 ᠣᡵᡳᠨ ᠨᠠᡩᠠᠨ (orin nadan) ᠣᡵᡳᠨ ᠨᠠᡩᠠᠴᡳ (orin nadaci)
28 ᠣᡵᡳᠨ ᠵᠠᡴᡡᠨ (orin jakūn) ᠣᡵᡳᠨ ᠵᠠᡴᡡᠴᡳ (orin jakūci)
29 ᠣᡵᡳᠨ ᡠᠶᡠᠨ (orin uyun) ᠣᡵᡳᠨ ᡠᠶᡠᠴᡳ (orin uyuci)
30 ᡤᡡᠰᡳᠨ (gūsin) [qʊ.ɕin] ᡤᡡᠰᡳᠴᡳ (gūsici) [qʊ.ɕi.tɕʰi]
40 ᡩᡝᡥᡳ (dehi) [tə.xi] ᡩᡝᡥᡳᠴᡳ (dehici)
50 ᠰᡠᠰᠠᡳ (susai) [su.sai] ᠰᡠᠰᠠᡳᠴᡳ (susaici)
60 ᠨᡳᠨᠵᡠ (ninju) [nin.tʃu] ᠨᡳᠨᠵᡠᠴᡳ (ninjuci)
70 ᠨᠠᡩᠠᠨᠵᡠ (nadanju) [na.tan.tʃu] ᠨᠠᡩᠠᠨᠵᡠᠴᡳ (nadanjuci)
80 ᠵᠠᡴᡡᠨᠵᡠ (jakūnju) [tʃa.qʰʊn.tʃu] ᠵᠠᡴᡡᠨᠵᡠᠴᡳ (jakūnjuci)
90 ᡠᠶᡠᠨᠵᡠ (uyunju) [u.jun.tʃu] ᠵᡠᠶᡠᠨᠵᡠᠴᡳ (uyunjuci)
100 ᡨᠠᠩᡤᡡ (tanggū) [tʰaŋ.ŋʊ] ᡨᠠᠩᡤᡡᠴᡳ (tanggūci)
1,000 ᠮᡳᠩᡤᠠᠨ (minggan) [miŋ.ŋan] ᠮᡳᠩᡤᠠᠴᡳ (minggaci)
10,000 ᡨᡠᠮᡝᠨ (tumen) [tʰu.mən] ᡨᡠᠮᡝᠨᠴᡳ (tumenci)
100,000 ᠵᡠᠸᠠᠨ ᡨᡠᠮᡝᠨ (juwan tumen) ᠵᡠᠸᠠᠨ ᡨᡠᠮᡝᠨᠴᡳ (juwan tumenci)
1,000,000 ᡨᠠᠩᡤᡡ ᡨᡠᠮᡝᠨ (tanggū tumen) ᡨᠠᠩᡤᡡ ᡨᡠᠮᡝᠨᠴᡳ (tanggū tumenci)

Note

In the translitation of Manchu used above, the sound [ʊ] is written ū. In the video below v is used for this sound. In some texts uu is used instead.

If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

Hear some Manchu numbers:

Links

Information about Manchu numbers
https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Manchu/Lesson_4_-_Numerals
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:Manchu_numerals

Information about Manchu | Numbers

Numbers in Southern Tungusic languages

Jurchen, Manchu, Nanai, Orok / Uilta, Ulch, Xibe

Numbers in other languages

Alphabetical index | Language family index

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