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Pan-Indian Orthographic Alphabet

The Pan-Indian Orthographic script was invented by Srijon Sadhukhan from Mumbai in India. The script is based on the Latin alphabet, and is used to write languages spoken in the Indian Subcontinent, including countries like India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Afghanistan, and belonging to language families such as Indo-Aryan, Indo-Iranian and Dravidian. This script has also been adapted specifically to write various dialects of the Arabic language as well.

There has been a necessity for a suitable alphabet for a long time in India. Multilingual people often find it difficult to learn two or more scripts at a time. Therefore, due to the influence of English, people often discard the use of the native alphabets like Devanagari, Bengali, Tamil, Telegu, Urdu etc. Often the thought that Muslims in India generally use the Arabic alphabet is, in reality, not the same.

Srijon Sadhukhan invented his alphabet to better suit the phonology of various Indian languages within a pronounciation-based, common writing system. Different pronounciations are symbolized by a single letter. This script can be easily used to write Modern Standard Hindi-Urdu (Hindustani), Sanskrit and Modern Standard Bengali (Kolkata standard), and three related Aryan languages with much distinct phonological differences.

Notable features

Pan-Indian Orthographic Alphabet

Basic letters

Pan-Indian Orthographic Alphabet - basic letters

Special accented letters (for long vowels)

Pan-Indian Orthographic Alphabet - special accented letters

Aspirated consonants

Pan-Indian Orthographic Alphabet - aspirated consonants

Note: H́h́ here does not represent a aspirated consonant, but rather a visarga (for Sanskrit language only).

Nasalised vowels

Pan-Indian Orthographic Alphabet - nasalised vowels

Letters for Arabic

Pan-Indian Orthographic Alphabet - letters for Arabic

Syllabic Consonants (especially for Sanskrit)

Pan-Indian Orthographic Alphabet - Syllabic Consonants (especially for Sanskrit)

Note: Basic Consonants are used here and modified according to the vowels conventions used above. Exceptions for lengthening are Ṡ̥ṡ̥ - Ŝ̥ŝ̥ and Ḣ̥ḣ̥ - Ĥ̥ĥ̥.

Download alphabet charts for this script in Excel or Word format.

Guidelines for use of this alphabet (in English and Hindi - PDF)

Rules on writing Hind (in Hindi in the Pan-Indian Orthographic Alphabet - PDF)

Name of this script in various languages

If you have any questions about this script, you can contact Pranab Sadhukhan at pranabsadhukhan65@gmail.com

Other adapted scripts


If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free.

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