Latinate (Aramaic) Script (Mìčþoba (Aramaya) Làtinaya)

The Latinate (Aramaic) Script is an adaptation of the Latin, or Roman, alphabet devised by Yaqob bar-Karoza for use with the Isaric dialect of Aramaic—a semi-engineered dialect used by Isaric Samaritans, i.e., surviving descendants of the Byzantine Samaritan diaspora once active in Sicily and in Dalmatia. Latinate is one of two official scripts used to write the Isaric alphabet (àbgàda Ḁisaraya), the other being the ancient Mandaic script (mìčþoba Màndaya), which is regarded as sacred by both Mandaeans and Isaric Samaritans. Although Latinate was originally intended for common, non-liturgical use, its practicality and readability eventually led to the script’s employment in religious contexts alongside the Mandaic characters.

Notable features

Isaric Alphabet (Àbgàda Ḁisaraya)

Primary (Base) Phonemes

Latinate primary (base) phonemes

Notes on Ḁ

  1. When /ḁ/ carries a vowel at the beginning of a word or completes a vowel at the end of a word, only the vowel is written, not /ḁ/: /Èlaha/ (God) rather than /Ḁèlàhaḁ/. This is done in order to simplify writing, with an initial and final /ḁ/ being understood.
  2. When /ḁ/ separates two vowels, it is omitted from writing, e.g., /reàχem/ (to have mercy) rather than /reḁàχem/. Here the double vowel indicates that an original /א/ was present in the older Ashuri script.
  3. The letter /ḁ/, when not written at the end of a word but understood to be present, e.g., /va/ (in), reemerges in writing when suffixed by a pronominal enclitic: /vaḁo/ (in him) rather than /vao/.

Secondary (Variant) Phonemes: Equipollents (a.k.a. "Equipols")

Secondary (Variant) Phonemes: Equipollents (a.k.a. 'Equipols')

Tertiary, or Unvalued Phonemes (Vowels)

Tertiary, or Unvalued Phonemes (Vowels)

Quaternary Phonemes (Diphthongs)

Quaternary Phonemes (Diphthongs)

Download alphabet charts for Latinate (Excel)


Sample text

Bìyìþildu̦n čol-ènašëya čwaþ χeḁrrëya we šàwyëya va ǧurča we va zìdqëya. Bìyìzdìvdu̦n pa χuešaba we pa þeḁrþa, we koyìsˀəru̦n χàd ləwaþ χàd va ruχa di àχuþa.

Sample text in the Aramaic script

A recording of this text by Yaqob bar-Karoza


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

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