Taverns, columns and caps

What do the words in the title of this post have in common?

Well, they all originally come from Etruscan, according to Nicholas Ostler in Ad Infinitum – A Biography of Latin and the World it Created, one of the books I’m reading at the moment.

The English word tavern dates from the late 13th century, when it meant “wine shop”, and later came to mean “public house”. It comes from the Old French taverne, (shed made of boards; booth; stall; tavern; inn), from the Latin taberna (shop, inn, tavern) – originally “hut or shed”, from Etruscan [source]. The Greek word ταβέρνα (taverna) comes the Latin [source].

Column comes from the Old French colombe (column, pillar), from the Latin columna (pillar), which the Online Etymology Dictionary says is a collateral form of columen (top, summit), from the Proto-Indo-European base *kel- (to project), but which Nicholas Ostler believes comes from Etruscan.

Cap comes from the Old English cæppe (hood, head-covering, cape), from the Late Latin cappa (a cape, hooded cloak), which is possibly a shortened from capitulare (headdress) from caput (head) [source], or from the Etruscan.

Other Latin words that are thought to come from Etruscan include voltur (vulture), ātruim (forecourt), fenestra (window), caseus (cheese), culīna (kitchen), tuba (trumpet), urna (urn), mīles (soldier), Aprīlis (April), autumnus (autumn) and laburnum (shrub).

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This entry was posted in English, Etymology, French, Language, Latin, Words and phrases.

7 Responses to Taverns, columns and caps

  1. TJ says:

    Is Etruscan now, officially, “decoded” ?
    As far as I remember, it could be read but not understood still (and most of the surviving text is from gravestones?).

  2. Macsen says:

    .. ah, so, the Welsh for soldier, ‘milwr’, probably comes from Etruscan! Interesting.

  3. Simon says:

    TJ – I don’t think Etruscan has been fully decoded, but some Etruscan words are known.

  4. prase says:

    Arena is probably Etruscan too.

  5. Petréa Mitchell says:

    Some of the Roman gods’ names come from Etruscan as well, such as Minerva (Menrva in Etruscan, IIRC).

  6. YankeeTranslator says:

    Speaking of Ostler, I was just reading his other book, Empires of the Word. Have you gotten to that work yet? What do you think of it?

  7. Simon says:

    YankeeTranslator – I have read Empires of the Word and found it very interesting.