Samogitian (žemaitiu kalba)

Samogitian is an Eastern Baltic language spoken by 500,000 people in Tauragė, Telšiai and Klaipėda counties in the Samogitia (Žemaitija / Žemaitėjė) region in the west of Lithuania. It was considered a dialect of Lithuanian, however increasing numbers of people, including linguists, now consider it a separate language.

Samogitian is also known as Lowland Lithuanian, Zhemaitish, Žemaičiai, Žemaičių, Žemaitiškai or Žemaitis. Native speakers call it žemaitiu kalba, žemaitiu rokunda, žemaitiu šnekta or žemaitiu ruoda.

It is thought that the ancestors of the Samogitian people migrated to what is now Lithuania in the 5th century AD. At that time, the area was home to people who spoke Curonian, a Baltic language that went extinct in the 16th century. The peoples and languages mixed, and echoes of Curonian remain in Samogitian, especially in its pronunciation.

Samogitian first appeared in writing in the early 19th century in the Latin alphabet. One of the first literary works was a translation of the New Testament by Józef Arnulf Giedroyć, the Bishop of Samogitia, which was published in 1814.

There is a standard way to write Samogitian, however it is not widely used. Instead, writers tend to spell words according to their own pronunciation.

Samogitian Alphabet (Žemaitėška abėcielė)

Samogitian alphabet & pronunciation

Download a Samogitian alphabet chart (Excel)

Details provided by Wolfram Siegel

Sample text (The Lord's Prayer)

Tievė mūsa, katros esi dongou,
Tebūn švėnts Tava vards,
Teatein Tava karalīstė,
Tebūn Tava valė
Kap dongou, tēp ė ont žemės.
Kasdėinėnės dounas douk mums šėndėin
Ėr atleisk mums mūsa kaltės
Kap ė mes atleidam sava kaltininkams
Ė neleisk mūsa gundītė,
Bet gelbiek mumis nu pėkta. Amėn

Videos in Samogitian

Links

Information about the Samogitian language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samogitian_language
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schemaitisch
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/sgs

Samogitian phrasebook
https://wikitravel.org/en/Samogitian_phrasebook

Baltic languages

Latgalian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Samogitian

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page created: 16.11.22. Last modified: 16.11.22

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