The Chinookan languages were spoken at the mouth of the Columbia River. There were a number of dialects of Chinook, only a few of which are possibly still spoken. Lower Chinook is described by UNESCO as critically endangered. Other sources list it as extinct, or almost so.
Other Chinook dialects include: Clatsop (Tlatsop), which was spoken in north west Oregon around the mouth of the Columbia River and the Clatsop Plains; Chinook Jargon; and Shoalwater, or Chinook proper, which was spoken in southwestern Washington State around southern Willapa Bay until the 1930s.
Download an alphabet chart for Lower Chinook (Excel)
Information provided by Wolfram Siegel
Information about Chinook
Languages written with the Latin alphabet
Page last modified: 26.01.23
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