Tsimshian numbers

How to count in Tsimshian (Sm’algya̲x), a Tsimshianic language spoken in British Columbia in Canada, and in Alaska in the USA.

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Numeral General numbers Animals, flat objects
(skins, mats, clothing)
Human beings Long objects
1 k'üül k'yaak k'ool ḵ'awtsg̱n
2 gu'pl t'a̱pxaat t'apxaduul ḵ'oopsxn
3 k'wili gwün gwüloon g̱altsg̱an
4 txaalpx txaalpx txalpxdool txa'apsxn
5 kwstuuns kwstuuns kstnsool kwstu'ansxn
6 ḵ'oolt ḵ'oolt ḵ'ooldool k'ooltsxn
7 t'a̱pxoolt t'a̱pxoolt t'a̱pxaldool t'apxooltsxn
8 yukwdeelt ḵ'andoolt yukwƚa'adool yukwdeeltsxn
9 kstimoos kstimoos ksta̱masool kstimootsxn
10 kpiil k'yap kpool kpiitsxn
11 kpiil di k'üül k'yap di k'yaak kpool di k'ool kpiil di ḵ'awtsgn
12 kpiil di gu'pl k'yap di ṯ'apxaat kpool di t'apxaduul kpiil di ḵ'oopsxn
13 kpiil di k'wili k'yap di gwün kpool di gwüloon kpiil di g̱altsg̱an
14 kpiil di txaalpx k'yap di txaalpx kpool di txalpxdool kpiil di txa'apsxn
15 kpiil di kwstuuns k'yap di kwstuuns kpool di kstnsool kpiil di kwstu'ansxn
16 kpiil di ḵ'oolt k'yap di ḵ'oolt kpool di ḵ'ooldool kpiil di k'ooltsxn
17 kpiil di t'a̱pxoolt k'yap di t'a̱pxoolt kpool di t'a̱pxaldool kpiil di t'apxooltsxn
18 kpiil di yukwdeelt k'yap di ḵ'andoolt kpool di yukwƚa'adool kpiil di yukwdeeltsxn
19 kpiil di kstimoos k'yap di kstimoos kpool di ksta̱masool kpiil di kstimootsxn
20 gupl wil kpiil t'a̱pxaat wil k'yap t'apxaduul wil kpool ḵ'oopsxn wil kpiil
21 gupl wil kpiil di k'üül t'a̱pxaat wil k'yap di k'yaak t'apxaduul wil kpool di k'ool ḵ'oopsxn wil kpiil di ḵ'awtsgn
22 gupl wil kpiil di gu'pl t'a̱pxaat wil k'yap di t'a̱pxaat t'apxaduul wil kpool di t'apxaduul ḵ'oopsxn wil kpiil di ḵ'oopsxn
23 gupl wil kpiil di k'wili t'a̱pxaat wil k'yap di gwün t'apxaduul wil kpool di gwüloon ḵ'oopsxn wil kpiil di g̱altsg̱an
24 gupl wil kpiil di txaalpx t'a̱pxaat wil k'yap di txaalpx t'apxaduul wil kpool di txalpxdool ḵ'oopsxn wil kpiil di txa'apsxn
25 gupl wil kpiil di kwstuuns t'a̱pxaat wil k'yap di kwstuuns t'apxaduul wil kpool di kstnsool ḵ'oopsxn wil kpiil di kwstu'ansxn
26 gupl wil kpiil di ḵ'oolt t'a̱pxaat wil k'yap di ḵ'oolt t'apxaduul wil kpool di ḵ'ooldool ḵ'oopsxn wil kpiil di k'ooltsxn
27 gupl wil kpiil di t'a̱pxoolt t'a̱pxaat wil k'yap di t'a̱pxoolt t'apxaduul wil kpool di t'a̱pxaldool ḵ'oopsxn wil kpiil di t'apxooltsxn
28 gupl wil kpiil di yukwdeelt t'a̱pxaat wil k'yap di ḵ'andoolt t'apxaduul wil kpool di yukwƚa'adool ḵ'oopsxn wil kpiil di yukwdeeltsxn
29 gupl wil kpiil di kstimoos t'a̱pxaat wil k'yap di kstimoos t'apxaduul wil kpool di ksta̱masool ḵ'oopsxn wil kpiil di kstimootsxn
30 k'wili wil kpiil gwün wil k'yap gwüloon wil kpool g̱altsg̱an wil kpiil
40 txaalpx wil kpiil txaalpx wil k'yap txalpxdool wil kpool txa'apsxn wil kpiil
50 kwstuuns wil kpiil kwstuuns wil k'yap kstnsool wil kpool kwstu'ansxn wil kpiil
60 ḵ'oolt wil kpiil ḵ'oolt wil k'yap ḵ'ooldool wil kpool k'ooltsxn wil kpiil
70 t'a̱pxoolt wil kpiil t'a̱pxoolt wil k'yap t'a̱pxaldool wil kpool t'apxooltsxn wil kpiil
80 yukwdeelt wil kpiil ḵ'andoolt wil k'yap yukwƚa'adool wil kpool yukwdeeltsxn wil kpiil
90 kstimoos wil kpiil kstimoos wil k'yap kstamasool wil kpool kstimootsxn wil kpiil
Numeral canoes & other vehicles human beings aboard canoes counting unit measures
(volume or general)
1 ḵ'ameet k'widaat k'üülda'on
2 galbeeltk gulapdaat gupl'on
3 galsgantk gwindaat k'ul'on
4 txaalpxsk txaalpdaat txaalpxl'on
5 kwstu'ansxn kwstunsdaat kwstunsal'on
6 ḵ'ooltk ḵ'oldaat k'oolda̱'on
7 t'a̱pxooltk t'a̱pxooldaat t'a̱pxoolda'on
8 yukwƚa'atk yukwƚa'adaat yukwƚa'al'on
9 ksta̱moosk ksta̱moosdaat ksta̱moolsa̱l'on
10 k'yepsk kba̱ldaat kpa̱l'on
11 k'yepsk di ḵ'ameet    
12 k'yepsk di galbeeltk    
13 k'yepsk di galsgantk    
14 k'yepsk di txaalpxsk    
15 k'yepsk di kwstu'ansxn    
16 k'yepsk di ḵ'ooltk    
17 k'yepsk di t'a̱pxooltk    
18 k'yepsk di yukwƚa'atk    
19 k'yepsk di ksta̱moosk    
20 galbeeltk wil k'yepsk    
21 galbeeltk wil k'yepsk di ḵ'ameet    
22 galbeeltk wil k'yepsk di galbeeltk    
23 galbeeltk wil k'yepsk di galsgantk    
24 galbeeltk wil k'yepsk di txaalpxsk    
25 galbeeltk wil k'yepsk di kwstu'ansxn    
26 galbeeltk wil k'yepsk di ḵ'ooltk    
27 galbeeltk wil k'yepsk di t'a̱pxooltk    
28 galbeeltk wil k'yepsk di yukwƚa'atk    
29 galbeeltk wil k'yepsk di ksta̱moosk    
30 galsgantk wil k'yepsk    
40 txaalpxsk wil k'yepsk    
50 kwstu'ansxn wil k'yepsk    
60 ḵ'ooltk wil k'yepsk    
70 t'a̱pxooltk wil k'yepsk    
80 yukwƚa'atk wil k'yepsk    
90 ksta̱moosk wil k'yepsk    

Source: John Asher Dunn. A Reference Grammar for the Coast Tsimshian Language. National Museum of Man. Canadian Ethnology Service, Paper No. 55. Ottawa 1979.

Information provided by Wolfgang Kuhl

If you would like to make any corrections or additions to this page, or if you can provide recordings, please contact me.

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