Parts and Pieces

Words for part, piece and related things in Celtic languages:

Puzzle pieces

Proto-Celtic *darnos/*darnā = piece, part
Old Irish (Goídelc) drécht [dʲrʲeːxt] = portion, part
Middle Irish (Gaoidhealg) drecht, drécht = part, portion, section; poem, literary composition
dréchtach = numerous; skilled in song or poetry
dréchtfaid = to divide up
Irish (Gaeilge) dréacht [dʲɾʲeːxt̪ˠ]= part, portion, draft, detachment, number; (literary) piece, composition; draft
dréachtach = composer, poet; skilled in/diligent at compostion
dréachtaigh = to draft
dréachtín = versicle, stanza
dréachtóir = drafter, draughtsman (of documents)
Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) dreachd [drɛxg] = draft
dreachd-aithisge = draft report
dreachd-dhealbh = working drawing
Manx (Gaelg) draght, dreaght = draft
draghtey = to draw up
dreaght feeleeaght = a piece of poetry
Proto-Brythonic *darn = piece, fragment, part
Middle Welsh (Kymraec) darn = piece, fragment, part, portion, section, lump, patch, coin
darnaw, darnio, darnu = to break or tear in pieces
Welsh (Cymraeg) darn [darn] = piece, fragment, part, portion, section, lump, patch, coin
darn yn narn = piecemeal, piece by piece
darn arian = piece of silver, silver coin
darn aur = gold piece, gold coin
darn grot = a groat
darniad = a breaking in pieces, a shattering
darn(i)af, darn(i)o, darnu = to break or tear in pieces, mangle, dismember
darn(i)edig = broken or torn to pieces, mangled
Middle Cornish (Cernewec) darn = a fragment, piece
Cornish (Kernewek) darn = bit, fragment, part, piece
darn papur = slip of paper
darnas = portion
Middle Breton (Brezonec) darn = piece, part, slice (of fish)
darnaou = exhausted, worn-out
darnaouer = one who disturbs
darnaouet, darnouet, darnaöuet = torn to pieces, very tired
darnaouus, darnaouüs = divisible
Breton (Brezhoneg) darn = fragment, part, partial,
darnaou = exhausted, worn-out
darnamzer = part-time
darnel = partial

Etymology: from Proto-Indo-European *der (to split, separate, tear, crack, shatter). The French word darne (thick slice of big round fish, part of the body) comes from the same Proto-Celtic root via Breton [source].

Words from the same PIE root include dermal, dermic and (to) tear in English, zehren (to live on, feed on, undermine, wear out) in German, and драть [dratʲ] (to tear to pieces) in Russian [source].

Sources: Wiktionary, Am Faclair Beag, Online Manx Dictionary,, eDIL – Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language, In Dúil Bélrai English – Old Irish glossary, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, Gerlyver Kernewek, Gerlyvyr Cernewec, Dictionaire Favereau, TermOfis, Le dictionnaire diachronique du breton, Geriafurch, English – ProtoCeltic WordList (PDF), Etymological Dictionary Of Proto Celtic

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