Lingala - lisolo ya mokuse

Lingala ezali moko ya minoko balobaka na Republique Democratique ya Kongo (Kongo-Kinshasa) na Republique ya Congo (Kongo-Brazzaville). Lingala ya sikoyo euta na Bobangi, elobamaka na bato (Bangala) oyo bafandaka mpembeni na ebale ya Kongo kati na Lisala tii na Kinshasa. Bobangi ezalaka monoko ya mombongo na esika tii na bokomi ya bato ya Mpoto na suka ya sekulo ya zomi na libwa.

Leta ya banoko balingaka monoko ya lisanga na ebandaki koloba yango mpo na mosala ya bateyi na ya botambwisi. Babengaka monoko oyo Bangala mpo na kokesenisa yango na Bobangi. Koleka lokola minoko ya babantu awa, botongi ya baphrase na botongi ya maloba na makelele ezalaki koleka minoko misusu ya babantu na simplicite. Balobi ya Lingala badefa maloba na botongi uta na minoko misusu oyo balobaka. Lingala ekoma monoko ya basoda, bapolisi, batambwisi, bato ya leta, balakisi, bakomi nsango na basango.

Monoko ya Lingala ekoki kokabwana na biteni minei: Lingala ya standard, Lingala oyo balobaka, Lingala ya Kinshasa na Lingala ya Brazzaville.

Balobaka Lingala ya standard na baemissions ya nsango na botangi, na mesi ya katoliki. Batangisaka Lingala na bakelasi ya ebandeli, bakelasi ya ntei na bakelasi ya suka. Lingala ya standard elobamaka na ntango ya formel. Esangana na mosala ya bakatolik.

Lingala oyo balobaka ezali na ndenge moko na ntango nyonso. Esangana na mosala ya baprotestants. Lingala oyo elobamaka na ndenge moko ya informel. Banzembo mingi ya Lingala balobaka na ndenge ekeseni. Miziki ya Kongo ya sikoyo babengi yango soukous ezali miziki oyo eyebani na bato mingi mpenza o kati ya Afrika na ezali mpenza ya solo mosisa ya monoko.

Lingala ya Kinshasa na Lingala ya Brazzaville ezali nkota ya bamboka mikonzi ya Kongo mibale. Ezali lisanga ya minoko ya babantu misusu na falanse, monoko ya leta na bikolo mibale. Minoko mibale lizali na maloba mingi oyo edefamaka uta na minoko misusu. Bato koleka bamillions zomi balobaka Lingala.

See this text in English

Information supplied by http://dictyon.net

Lingala was first written by missionaries in about 1900. Today there are various ways to write it, all of which use the Latin alphabet. There is no standard spelling system and literacy in Lingala is low among Lingala speakers.

Lingala pronunciation

Lingala pronunciation

Lingala has four tones which are sometimes indicated in writing as follows:

  • no accent for default tone, the low tone
  • acute accent <á> for the high tone
  • circumflex accent <â> for descending tone
  • caron <ǎ> for ascending tone

Sample text

Bato nyonso na mbotama bazali nzomi pe bakokani na limemya pe makoki. Bazali na mayele pe base, geli kofanda na bondeko okati na bango.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Information about Lingala | Lingala learning materials

Links

Information about the Lingala language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lingala_language

Information about Lingala, including listening comprehension materials and Lingala-English crossword puzzles
http://dictyon.net/lingalamaterials.html

Online Lingala lessons
http://fsi-language-courses.org/Content.php?page=Lingala
http://www.101languages.net/lingala/free-lingala-course/
https://www.youtube.com/user/gargantuanstudios
http://2speaklanguages.com/pages/lingala-language-course?gclid=CIOG2OW2j70CFafnwgodUl8ABQ
http://www.memrise.com/courses/english/lingala/

Bantu languages

Bemba, Chichewa, Duala, Ewondo, Ganda/Luganda, Herero, Kikuyu, Kinyarwanda, Kirundi, Lingala, Loma, Lozi, Mandekan, Mende, Northern Ndebele, Northern Sotho, OshiWambo, Ronga, Shona, Southern Ndebele, Southern Sotho, Swahili, Swati, Tofa, Tshiluba, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu

Other languages written with the Latin alphabet