Kinship terms in Hungarian

Words for family members and other relatives in Hungarian.

Hungarian (magyar)
familycsalád
parentszülő
fatherapa
motheranya
childgyerek, gyermek
son (boy)fiú
daughter (girl)lány
spouseházastárs
husbandférj
wifefeleség
siblingstestvér
brotherfivér (rare) báty (elder) öcs (younger)
sisterlánytestvér (rare) nővér (elder) húg (younger)
unclenagybácsi
uncle's wifeángy
auntnagynéni
cousinunokatestvér
nephewunokabáty (elder) unokaöcs (younger)
nieceunokanovér (elder) unokahúg (younger)
grandparentnagyszülő
grandfathernagyapa, nagypapa
grandmothernagyanya, nagymama
grandchildunoka
great grandparentdédszülő
great grandfatherdédapa, dédpapa
great grandmotherdédanya, dédmama
great grandchilddédunoka
great-great-grandparentükszülő
great-great-grandchildszépunoka
great uncledédnagybácsi
great auntdédnagynéni
father-in-lawapós, ipa (archaic)
mother-in-lawanyós, napa (archaic)
brother-in-lawsógor
sister-in-lawsógornő
son-in-lawvej
daughter-in-lawmeny
child's parents-in-lawnászszülő
child's father-in-lawnász, nászúr
child's mother-in-lawnászasszony
ancestorsősök
progenyutód, leszármazott
stepmothermostohaanya
stepchildmostohagyermek
foster fathernevelőapa
foster mothernevelőanya
adopted childfogadott gyermek

Notes

Fiú means both son and boy, but there's a distinction in the possessive case. Fiúm means my boy (boyfriend), but fiam means my son. However, for girls, there is only one form: lányom means my daughter. My girlfriend should be called by different words.

Siblings and cousins are mostly called with both gender and age difference: "my younger niece" and not just "my niece".

Other cousins are created by adding másod-, harmad-, negyed- (i.e. second, third, fourth) before unokatestvér, unokabáty etc., like these:

  • unokatestvér: cousin, having common grandparents
  • másodunokatestvér: cousin's child or second cousin
  • harmadunokatestvér: second cousin's child or third cousin

List compiled by Láng Attila D

Information about Hungarian | Hungarian phrases | Tower of Babel in Hungarian | Hungarian learning materials

Kinship terms in other languages