Kinship terms in Germanic languages

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Kinship terms in Germanic languages

Words for family members and other relatives in Afrikaans, Dutch, German, Yiddish, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Faroese and Icelandic.

Key to abbreviations: m = male, f = female, pt = paternal (father's side), mt = maternal (mother's side).

  Afrikaans Dutch
(Nederlands)
German
(Deutsch)
Yiddish
(ײִדיש)
Swedish
(Svenska)
Danish
(Dansk)
Norwegian
(Norsk)
Faroese
(Føroyskt)
Icelandic
(Íslenska)
family familie familie die Familie משפחה
(Mishpokhe)
familj familie familie húsfólk
hýski
fjölskylda
parents ouers ouders die Eltern עלטערן
(Eltern)
föräldrar forældre foreldre foreldur foreldrar
father vader vader
pappa
der Vater
Vati
Pa
פאָטער
(Foter)
טאַטע
(Tate)
far
pappa
far far
pappa
faðir faðir
mother ma moeder
moer
mamma
die Mutter
Mutti
Ma
מוטער
(Muter)
מאַמע
(Mame)
mamma
mor
mor mamma
mor
móðir móðir
children kinders kinderen die Kinder קינדער
(Kinder)
barn børn barn barn Börn
son seun zoon der Sohn זון
(Zun)
son søn sønn sonur sonur
daughter dogter dochter die Tochter טאָכטער
(Tokhter)
dotter datter datter dóttir dóttir
husband man man der Mann מאַן
(Man)
man mand ektemann ektamaður
maður
eiginmaður
wife vrou vrouw die Frau פרוי
(Froi)
ווַייבּ
(Vayb)
hustru
fru
kone kone ektakona
kona
kona
brother broer broeder der Bruder ברודער
(Bruder)
bror bror bror bróðir bróðir
sister suster zuster die Schwester שוועסטער
(Shvester)
syster søster søster systir systir
uncle oom oom der Onkel פעטער
(Feter)
farbror (pt)
morbror (mt)
onkel
farbror (pt)
morbror (mt)
onkel faðirbróðir (pt)
móðurbróðir (mt)
frændi
aunt tante tante die Tante מומע
(Mume)
faster (pt)
moster (mt)
tante
faster (pt)
moster (mt)
tante fastir (pt)
mostir (mt)
frænka
cousin neef neef (m)
nicht (f)
der Cousin (m)
die Cousine (f)
קוזינע
(Kuzyne)
kusin fætter (m)
kusine (f)
fetter (m)
kusine (f) søskenbarn (pl)
systkinabarn frændi
nephew neef neef der Neffe פּלימעניק
(Plymenyk)
brorson
(brother's son)
systerson
(sister's son)
nevö
nevø nevø bróðursonur
(brother's son)
systursonur
(sister's son)
frændi
niece niggie nicht die Nichte פּלימעניצע
(Plymenytse)
brorsdotter
(brother's daughter)
systerdotter
(sister's daughter)
niece niese bróðurdóttir
(brother's daughter)
systurdóttir
(sister's daughter)
frænka
grandparents grootouers grootouder die Großeltern farföräldar (pt)
morföräldar (mt)
bedsteforældre
farforældre (pt)
morforældre (mt)
besteforeldre abbi og omma ömmur
grandfather oupa grootvader der Großvater זיידע
(Zayde)
farfar (pt)
morfar (mt)
bedstefar
farfar (pt)
morfar (mt)
bestefar
farfar (pt)
morfar (mt)
abbi afi
grandmother ouma grootmoeder die Großmutter בּאָבע
(Bubbe)
farmor (pt)
mormor (mt)
bedstemor
farmor (pt)
mormor (mt)
bestemor
farmor (pt)
mormor (mt)
omma amma
grandchildren kleinkinders kleinkind die Enkelkinder אייניקלאך
(Ayniklakh)
barnbarn børnebørn barnebarn barnabarn barnabörn
grandson kleinseun kleinzoon der Enkel אייניקל
(Aynikl)
sonson
(son's son)
dotterson
(daughter's son)
barnebarn barnebarn abbasonur
ommusonur
barnabarn
granddaughter kleindogter kleindochter die Enkelin אייניקל
(Aynikl)
sondotter
(son's daughter)
dotterdotter
(daughter's daughter)
barnebarn barnebarn abbadóttir
ommudóttir
barnabarn
father-in-law skoonvader schoonvader der Schwiegervater שווער
(Shver)
svärfar svigerfar
svigerfader
svigerfar verfaðir tengdafaðir
mother-in-law skoonmoeder schoonmoeder die Schwiegermutter שוויגער
(Shviger)
svärmor svigermor svigermor vermóðir tengdamóðir
brother-in-law swaer zwager
schoonbroer
der Schwager
Schwippschwager
(spouse's sister's husband)
שוואָגער
(Shvoger)
svåger svoger svoger svágur mágur
sister-in-law skoonsuster schoonzuster die Schwägerin
Schwippschwägerin
(spouse's brother's wife)
שוועגערין
(Shvegerin)
svägerska svigerinde svigerinne konusystir
bróðurkona
systir mansins
mágkona
  Afrikaans Dutch
(Nederlands)
German
(Deutsch)
Yiddish
(ײִדיש)
Swedish
(Svenska)
Danish
(Dansk)
Norwegian
(Norsk)
Faroese
(Føroyskt)
Icelandic
(Íslenska)

Links

Kinship terms in Germanic languages
http://www.ielanguages.com/germanic_family.html

Family words in Dutch
http://www.smartphrase.com/Dutch/du_you-family_voc.shtml
http://www.heardutchhere.net/dufamily.html

Family words in Faorese
http://www.unilang.org/wiki/index.php/Faroese_kinship_words
http://www.everyculture.com/Europe/Faroe-Islanders-Kinship-Marriage-and-Family.html

Family words in German
http://german.about.com/library/blfamilie.htm
http://www.smartphrase.com/German/ge_you-family_voc.shtml#Relations

Kinship terms in other languages


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