In Shangchochainese there are five tones:
Tones 1, 3, and 4 are used to change the meaning of the original word. Like in Mandarin. These tones are often referred to as Inherit tones or Pìng Sá (빙ᄊ 사ᄋ).
Tone 2 is used to make the word negative. This tone goes directly after the inherit tone. So Xìa is yes and Xìă (치ᄊ아/ 치ᄊ아ᄈ) is no.
Tone 5 is used to make a word a noun where a subject is not used or where pronouns are used and the person referred to is not expressed.
The only consonants that can be finals are “ng”, “n”, and occasionally “m.”
Tone 1 comes appears in words with the initials N, Ts, L, K, C , D, and S.
Tone 3 only appears in words with the initials G, H, R, P, W, T, Sh, X and M.
Tone 4 only appears in words with the initials B, C, D, S, Y, Z, X, Ts, J, and Ch.
All other Initials have no tone.
Tones are marked like so:
Nōng Hò(농ᄑ 호ᄊ)=Hello
Tsē Wè(체ᄑ 웨ᄊ) =Good Bye
Chínmen nōng xín sā? = What is your name?
찐ᄋ멘 농ᄑ 씬ᄋ 사ᄑ?
Tsē wè tswè. = Good bye friend
체ᄑ 웨ᄊ 췌ᄊ.