UndeadFishtank wrote:This sounds kind of like what I'm doing with the language I'm making at the moment! But I have different auxiliary verbs according to gender, number, and person and then different endings for the verbs to indicate tense.
O coma. – I eat.
E coma. – He/she eats.
Eno* coma. – They eat.
Emo* coma. – We eat.
Eto* coma. – You eat. (singular)
Eso* coma. – You eat. (plural)
* These can end in o or a, which indicates gender: o is masculine; a is feminine.
Eto coma. – You eat. (present)
Eto come. – You ate. (past)
Eto comi. – You will eat (future)
Eto como. – You, eat. (command/imperative)
I haven't figured out other tenses and stuff, but this is basically how it works in the language I'm doing! Also, I realize that e/eno/eto/etc. kind of works as a pronoun, but it's required every time a verb is used, even if the sentence already has a noun, so it's kind of like an auxiliary verb.
UndeadFishtank wrote:Adjectives; how do they work?
Adjectives in this language can basically be made out of any word. Since there is no word for "to be" or any kind of existence, you say that "something is someway" in the following way:
Subject aux.verb adjective-tense.
So, in other words, to say "My day was good," you would say:
A dia onim e bonime.
The day of.me it good-PAST.
Basically, to make something into an adjective, you either add "im" to the end, or you take off the final letter and add "im." To say that "something is something" is similar. Because there is no way to say "is" or "are" and you still have to indicate tense in most cases, there is a way to change nouns into "objects" and indicate tense.
For example, to say "This woman was a girl," you would say:
Ai scola e scinaze.
The.specific woman she girl-PAST.
Instead of just adding e, a, or i, which could blend in with the vowel at the end of the noun, we add z+[tense] to indicate the tense. Also notice that "the" (a) becomes "this/that" (ai) when you add an "i" to it. "Ai" itself also means "yes" and can be added at the end of a sentence to add emphasis of affirmation.
linguoboy wrote:See, this makes me think that your tense suffixes have more cause to be called "auxiliaries" than your subject pronouns. What you've come up with is almost identical to the Turkish copula, which works as a suffixed auxiliary.
UndeadFishtank wrote:Alphabet - will be updated as more letters are used
A - /a/ - Spanish haber
B - /b/ - English baby
C - /k/ - English car (c is never soft)
D - /d/ - English dad
E - /e/ - Spanish lejos
F - /f/ - English face
G - /ɡ/ - English gone (g is never soft)
H - /x/ - Spanish México
I - /i/ - Spanish mío
J - /j/ - English yes
L - /l/ - English leaves
M - /m/ - English mother
N - /n/ - English never
O - /o/ - Spanish oro
P - /p/ - English person
R - /ɾ/ - Spanish caro
S - /s/ - English secret
T - /t/ - Spanish tango
U - /w/ - English water (not considered a vowel)
Z - /z/ - English zoo
CH - /tʃ/ - English chew
Dan_ad_nauseam wrote:UndeadFishtank wrote:Digraphs
CH - /tʃ/ - English chew
I see you have /tʃ/ but not /ʃ/. That's not exactly a common pattern, but I wouldn't rule it out. If you're working off of Spanish, it makes sense, as Spanish does tend to follow the same pattern except for loanwords.
UndeadFishtank wrote:This is very interesting! See, I don't know very much about many languages, but in my previous (begun-but-never-finished) conlang, Cakuacakuán, I decided that I did not want to have a verb for "to be," and so a sentence such as "This is a bicycle," translated to "Ce abicikleta" (/tse əˌbitsiˈkɺetä/). That literally means "This a-bicycle." This was inspired by Russian. But then when I was constructing this language, which is based heavily off of Cakuacakuán, I realized that in the case that you are equating something to another noun or adjective, it loses the possibility of tense, so I had to think of a way to incorporate that and came up with the tense endings. I already had the adjective ending "-im" from Cakuacakuán.
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