I'm terribly sorry for the super late reply! My (new) Nortons anti-virus software wouldn't allow me on the site and then wouldn't let me log in for some strange reason. :roll:
Don't stress! This isn't homework, this is a hobby; you get to it when you get to it.
Yep, that's glide epenthesis.
Awesome! Is that why Meijer has /j/...? I think my mother mentioned something like this years ago. :lol:
is a German adaptation of Latin major
. Even though this was spelled MAIOR in the Classical orthography, we can be pretty sure the I always represented a glide because the reconstructed protoform is *magjos.
A better example might be a word like buyer
. The root is /bai/ and the suffix is /ər/, but when they come together, the result is ['baɩ̯jɚ], with a glide in the middle. (At least for most speakers.)
Hmm, with a bit more thought on the matter, I also like the idea of deleting a vowel in the case. I've read the article once more to be sure of myself (the avoidance part). When it says "by deleting a vowel" (Elision?), it would function like so:
Hena oskal > Hen oskal
That's one possibility. You need to work out the details: Is it always the first vowel that's deleted/elided, or is it sometimes the second? If it's sometimes the second, then what are the conditions? Is there a definite hierarchy, with some vowel (e.g. /a/) always being elided, some vowel (e.g. /i/) never being elided, and the others falling in-between?
It's also not an all-or-nothing proposition. You can combine rules so, for instance, /a/ is deleted next to /e/ or /o/ but retained after /i/, and when /a/ comes before /i/, they form /e/.
Does Diaeresis work like so: hena/ä o/öskal ?
"Diaeresis" is term from prosody and punctuation. I would rather speaking of "preserving hiatus". You don't need any special diacritic to indicate this.
So sandhi, as simply as I can word it, is more like a forum (under a category) and all the effects are sub-forums of it? Probably not the best example. :oops:
That's a reasonable way to think of it.