Thank you so much Kietl! Amazingly easy post! It helped a lot -- thank you, thank you, thank you!
If I may ask though, could you explain the "subordinators" part and the end of your post a little more?
I'm not quiet sure I understand those two fully.
Okay, I'll attempt subordinators first. It's a big subject, really, so forgive me if this explanation also fails. ;p
"Subordinators" could also be called "subordinating conjunctions". The term "conjunction" may be a bit more familiar to you (if a bit dated in syntactic terminology). In traditional grammar, there are two major contrasting types of these conjunctions, and each is associated with a type of clause
. These two types of clauses are independent clauses
, which can stand on their own (“John saw Mary.”), and dependent clauses
, which cannot stand on their own and must be attached to an independent clause (“John saw Mary while he drove.
In English, dependent clauses are generally introduced by a subordinator
such as “that, when, while, although, since, as if, etc. etc.” These subordinators always precede
the clause which they introduce. So, in the example above, the dependent clause “while he drove” is introduced by the subordinator “while”, which simultaneously marks the clause as subordinate
to the preceding independent clause.
The simple fact is that, in an SOV language, “while” would most likely follow
the clause, rather than precede it, so that the entire sentence would look like “John saw Mary [he drove while
Does that make sense? It’s basically the same idea as with prepositions and postpositions: an SOV language tends to have adpositions which follow
nouns and subordinators which follow
Concerning the last part of my post, basically I was just defining some of the terms from the article: "demonstrative adjectives" and "relative clauses".
The category of "demonstrative adjectives" should just be called "demonstratives", since they aren't adjectives at all: words like "this, that, these, those, etc." According to the article, in an SOV language they would tend to precede a noun rather than follow it, much as in English ("that dog, this cat").
A "relative clause" is in the same vein as the "dependent clause" above, the only difference being that it is used as an adjective
and therefore modifies a noun. Example: "the dog [that was black]." The clause "that was black" is a dependent clause used to modify "the dog". You can even see that it is introduced by a subordinator: "that".