Georgish has 9 different cases used to modify nouns and describe their function in a sentence or describe the nouns themselves. They are:
Nominative - the subject - see below
Genitive - the noun possessed by something - see below
Anti-Genitive - the noun possessing another - see below
Sarcastic - used in literature to show sarcasm - S: -lēnîn/-ūlēnîn
Tentative - to show the noun is not complete; the same as using "like" - S: ïr'
Instrumental - the noun which is being used to complete an action - S: -ânzt/-cânzt
Comitative - to show companionship with the noun; "together with [...]," more accurately "in company with [...]" - S: -sî/-ūsî
Abessive - shows not being in company with the noun - S: -nīsî/-ūnīsî
Terminative - to show the end of a noun, "the end of [...]" - S: -nî/-ūnî
Nouns are grouped into three declensions. Their declension assignment affects their Genitive and Anti-Genitive endings. The three declension endings (singular only, plural is always -i/-fi
-po, -pyar, -war, -jur
Anti-Genitive: -garz (S+P)
Example: fôŋūpyar = the house
ēz'fôŋū = of a house
fôŋūgarz = [...]'s house2.
-ū, -ēn, -īn, -yū
Anti-Genitive: -ēj/-cēj (S) -därc (P)3.
-aĉ, -esz, -zēf
Anti-Genitive: -tē (S+P)By the Way:
The letter ä
in Georgish actually means /e/
, not the same as /ɛ/