Sklang

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Sklang

Postby ILuvEire » Sat 02 May 2009 6:41 am

Sjalsked made me think about Scandinavian conlangs, so I made one, aptly named Sklang. It came from Old Norse. :) It's spoken in a place called Vinlan, in North America.

Phonology:
Stop: /p d t d k g/ <p b t d k g>
Fricative: /f v s S C j\ h/ <f v s sj kj/hj gj h>
Affricative: /tS dZ/ <tj dj>
Trill: /R/ <r>
Approximate: /j/ <j>
Lateral: /l/ <l>

Vowels:
Long: /EI: O: {: e: i: o: 2: u: y:/
Stressed short: /A O E E I O 9 U Y/
Unstressed short: /@ V E @ I V @ V V/
Orthography: <a å æ e i o ø u y>
See, they all line up. :)

Diphthongs: /AI AU EI OY 2Y/ <ai au ei oi øy>

More later. :)
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Re: Sklang

Postby Jayan » Sat 02 May 2009 2:06 pm

Hehe I'm glad I got you thinking.

It looks cool, but I don't understand the phonetic notation you're using. What is it? Could you maybe try to also give the phonetics in IPA?

Thanks!
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Re: Sklang

Postby rickardspaghetti » Sat 02 May 2009 2:39 pm

He's using X-SAMPA.
そうだ。死んでいる人も勃起することが出来る。
俺はその証だ。
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Re: Sklang

Postby ILuvEire » Sat 02 May 2009 7:14 pm

Jayan wrote:Hehe I'm glad I got you thinking.

It looks cool, but I don't understand the phonetic notation you're using. What is it? Could you maybe try to also give the phonetics in IPA?

Thanks!

Yes, I apologize, it is X-SAMPA. I'm working right now, but when I get home I will convert it for y'all. I need to find an easier way to write IPA. Anyone know a good convertor, instead of just copy/pasting it from Wikipedia?

Also I just noticed I forgot /D/ in my phonology. And /T/. Wow, I need to pay more attention to my notes. :P
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Re: Sklang

Postby Talib » Sat 02 May 2009 8:59 pm

I use this: http://weston.ruter.net/projects/ipa-ch ... /keyboard/

You have to click on the symbols you want, but it beats copying and pasting.
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Re: Sklang

Postby Neqitan » Sun 03 May 2009 12:36 am

ILuvEire wrote:Anyone know a good convertor, instead of just copy/pasting it from Wikipedia?

Why don't you use Unilang's and then copy-paste it from there to here?
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Re: Sklang

Postby ILuvEire » Sun 03 May 2009 3:53 am

Okay, correct phonology (because I can't edit my post for some reason...)

Plosive: /p b t d k ɡ/ <p b t d k g>
Nasal: /m n ŋ/ <m n ng>
Fricative: /f θ s ʃ ç ʝ h/ <f th/þ s sj kj/hj gj h>
Affricate: /tʃ ͡dʒʒ͡/ <tj dj>
Trill: /ʀ/ <r>
Approximate: /ʋ j/ <v j>
Lateral: /l/ <l>

Long: /ɛɪ: ɔ: æ: e: i: o: ø: u: y:/
Stressed short: /ɑ ɔ ɛ ɛ ɪ ɔ œ ʊ ʏ/
Unstressed short: /ə ʌ ɛ ə ɪ ə œ ʌ ʏ/
Orthography: <a å æ e i o ø u y>
Diphthong: /ɑɪ ɑʊ eɪ ɔʏ øʏ/ <ai au ei oi ey>

There are two genders, common and neuter, as well as three cases, nominative, accusative, and genitive. The nominative and accusative singular do not change, but their plurals do:
Common
S P
N -r
A -e
G -s -rs

Neuter
S P
N -r
A -r
G -s -rs

Now, the <r> here (as well as any <r> in an unstressed syllable) is pronounced /ɐ/.

I'm working on a paragraph in Sklang, and I'll present it as soon as it's done.
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Re: Sklang

Postby rickardspaghetti » Sun 03 May 2009 12:41 pm

Since it's a Scandinavian conlang, shouldn't the nouns also change in definite and indefinite article like they do in Scandinavian langs? I'd like to se a full declension.
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俺はその証だ。
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Re: Sklang

Postby ILuvEire » Sun 03 May 2009 11:27 pm

rickardspaghetti wrote:Since it's a Scandinavian conlang, shouldn't the nouns also change in definite and indefinite article like they do in Scandinavian langs? I'd like to se a full declension.

Yes, they do. Here's a fully declined common noun:

Inug - person | Inugr - people | Inugi - the person | Inugei - the people
(acc) Inug - person | Inuge - people | Inugi - the person | Inugei - the people
Inugs - person's | Inugrs - people's | Inugsi - the person's | Inugrsi - the people's

The indefinite article (a) is "i". So i inug, i inugr etc. Neuter nouns use "it" for the indefinite article, and "-it" for the singular, and "-irt" for the plurals.
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Re: Sklang

Postby ILuvEire » Mon 04 May 2009 2:21 am

Sklang has a few particles, that developed (mostly) from nouns:

Said [sɑɪð] - question particle showing that a positive answer is expected. It comes from a truncated form of the ON word "sannindi" meaning "truth."
Kjedjerdi Fei said?
called.you Fei true
Your name is Fei innit?

Juggar [juːjɐ] - question particle indicating that a negative response is expected. It comes from the ON verb "ljúga," conjugated for the second person singular.
Igalugr fjugger ikk juggar?
fish.nompl fly.present not lie
Fish don't fly, right?

Ulirnaiggu [ulɪnɑɪːjʌ] - shows contempt for what you're talking about.
Ig masker himir ulirnaiggu.
I hate.present dog.pl contempt
I really hate dogs!

Aisut [ɑɪsʌθ] - shows that you're excited about what you're talking about.
Mjass! Ig kaubad i himi ny.
my.god! I buy.pastsing a.common dog new
Oh my god! I just bought a new dog!

Tutusa [tutusə] - a particle that can be added to any noun, adjective, or verb that intensifies the word. It comes from the inuit word "tuqutsiarivaa" meaning "expect to die."
Mit igalug ær unnig tutusa.
[mɪt igaluj ɛɐ uːnij tutusə]
my.neuter fish be.pres blue die.
My fish is BRIGHT blue.

Misgi [misgi] - augmentive, comes from the Micmac word "misgilg" meaning "big".
Gimirvatit misgi ær gott.
[gɪmiɐvaθɪθ mɪsgi ɛɐ goːθ]
book.theneu aug be.pres good.neuter
The novel is good.

Asje [aʃə] - diminutive, comes from the Micmac word apjéjg, meaning "small."
Gimirvatit asje ær vjaikkt.
[gɪmiɐvaθɪθ aʃə ɛɐ vʲɑɪːkt]
book.theneu dim be.pres yellow
The book is yellow.
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