philologue wrote:Llym awel, llwm beuder y biw;
Pan orwisg coed tegliw
Haf, terydd glaf wyf heddiw.
Keen the wind, cow-herds in the open;
When trees dress in crisp summer
Colors, I am extremely ill today.
haf - colors
is "summer". Welsh NPs are typically head-initial (though compounds are head-final), so tegliw haf
is literally "crisp-colour [of] summer".
anhyed - nimble
Can't help you here. Anhyed
doesn't exist in the modern language.
gan (gân) - sing(s)
The diacritics are not optional in Welsh; take away the circumflex and you have not "sings" but "by". Moreover, you've stumbled across the joy that is Celtic initial mutation. The base form is actually cân
; it appears as gân
because the sentence is in "abnormal order", with the verb appearing in second position rather than initially.
ganant - sing (3rd person plural)
-au - plural ending
gangau - branches
Again, this is a mutated form. Moreover, if you think you can get the singular simply by removing the plural ending, you'll be disappointed. In addition to consonant mutation, Welsh also has vowel mutation (called "umlaut"). The singular of cangau
is actually cainc
glaf - ill/sick
Once again, a mutated form. The citation form is claf
. (Any guesses as to the plural?)