Talib wrote:I had to figure out how to pronounce these for Hindi and I didn't find them much of a challenge.
Basically just pronounce their voiceless equivalents /pʰ tʰ ʈʰ tʃʰ kʰ/, then voice them.
Or if that doesn't work try pronouncing them as clusters with /ɦ/, ie. /bɦ dɦ ɖɦ dʒɦ gɦ/ and you should catch on quickly enough.
It helps to hear the difference if you make the aspiration stronger than it is in English.
If that doesn't help, check out this site http://www.avashy.com/hindiscripttutor.htm which has all the letters with accompanying sound clips.
Yes although they are separate phonemes (/pʰ/ is written <फ>, /f/ is <फ़> with the underdot. But /f/ appears mostly in loanwords so I think the distinction might not be that strong.Sobekhotep wrote:I think /pʰ/ is often realized as [f] (or perhaps [ɸ]) in Hindustani, right? I think this is also the case for Bengali & Marathi.
Aeetlrcreejl wrote:kʰ > x has already happened in Sylheti and Assamese.
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