It's not possible for a human society to have "no culture at all" (at least according to the usual definition of that term in the social sciences)
I didn't say that societies didn't have a culture. I said PEOPLE didn't have a culture. Like in the sentence: you are an idiot without culture
(not a reference to anybody in this thread).
P.S. I know nobody can completely lack culture, it's call hyperbole. Like in you are a complete idiot
. Of course anybody isn't a complete idiot under all the points of view, and therefore is a partial idiot.
so I'm not sure what you're attempting to say here.
And I'm not sure what you are doing here, as you never seem to help anybody in anything, but only belittle others who are trying to help, but I don't express my feelings in that regard.
There were "territorial independent societies" in Europe long before the Romans. In fact, the Romans would never have been able to accomplish what they did without borrowing extensively from pre-existing cultures, notably the Greeks and the Etruscans.
If I can recall well, both Greeks and Etruscans had a particular type of society - they didn't have a centralized power but every city was independent. Now I may be too daring, but I seem to recall that Etruscans were at a certain point united in a League, and in fact, they then tried to fill the lack of a centralized power in Italy becoming the most powerful state and they conquered a vaste territory before being stopped by Romans. Who DID fill the lack of centralized power.
That said, I'm not giving anybody lessons of history. I stated clearly I'm no expert, I'm just reporting what I recall from what I studied years ago in middle school, hoping that may be somewhat useful to people who know more than me. What leaves me astounded is that you can never contribute positively to any topic, but only look for something to deny in other people's posts. Please. Get a life.