The seven day week was ordained in the Torah, looooooooooong before the Captivity.
Prove it. Sure, the seven-day week appears in Genesis, but this didn't achieve its present form until 500 BCE or so, or about a century after the Captivity. It could well be a late addition.
I cannot, with my current resources/fund of knowledge, prove
that the seven-day week appears in a pre-Captivity manuscript of the Torah. However, you, in order to be fair, must hold yourself to the same standard you're holding me to. Therefore, the onus of proof is still on you. Because I hold the position that (though I personally cannot prove) has been widely accepted and has no evidence to contradict it as far as I know. So, you must show me that Babylon had the seven-day week before any contact
with the Jews for your hypothesis to be correct.
The only calendar change I'm aware of that resulted from the Babylonian Captivity is the renaming of the months. Possibly the Babylonians came up with it concurrently, or the Jews gave it to them?
No, the Jews definitely borrowed the month names from the Babylonian calendar. The Hebrew names are clearly taken from Akkadian.
Yeah, I think that was some misordered sentences on my part. The second sentence should be before the first one. I agree that the current Hebrew month names are clearly Akkadian.
Just out of curiosity what is a week? Is it just the seven day week or do other systems count? The Romans had nine day system. 8 days in a row were work days, then the ninth day was market day. This day was somewhat like a really shitty weekend for all but the farmers; kids had school off, men didn't normally do business and women did whatever it was they did back then. I guess it was nice for the farmers, instead of toiling in the hot sun they got easier work
Nah, the week doesn't have to be seven-day. How do we know that the Romans had a nine day system? I'd like to see for myself.